The ODS are the so-called “Sustainable Development Goals” promoted by the UN (United Nations).
It was on September 25, 2015 when the basis for these goals was established. World leaders agreed on a series of global goals for different purposes, such as eradicating poverty, protecting our planet and ensuring a prosperous place to continue living.
These goals should be achieved in the next 15 years, meeting a series of goals that span several points to achieve these goals.
We have the top 17:
1. End of poverty
In developing regions still one in ten people, and their families, still subsists on $ 1.90 per day and there are millions more who earn little more than this daily amount. Significant progress has been made in many countries in East and South-East Asia, but almost 42% of the population of Sub-Saharan Africa continues to live below the poverty line.
2. Zero hunger
The food sector and the agricultural sector offer key solutions for development and are vital for the elimination of hunger and poverty.
But right now, our soils, oceans, forests and our drinking water and biodiversity are undergoing a rapid degradation process due to overexploitation processes.
3. Health & Wellness
In many regions they face serious health risks, such as high rates of maternal and neonatal mortality, the spread of infectious and noncommunicable diseases and poor reproductive health.
4. Quality education
Currently, more than 265 million children are not in school and 22% of them are of age to attend primary school. Likewise, children who attend school lack the basic knowledge of reading and arithmetic.
5. Gender equality
Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but the necessary basis for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world. Unfortunately, at present, 1 in 5 women and girls between 15 and 49 years old said they had experienced physical or sexual violence, or both, in the hands of their partner in the previous 12 months to be asked about this matter.
6. Clean water and sanitation
The scarcity of water resources, together with poor water quality and inadequate sanitation, have an impact on food security, livelihoods and the opportunity for education for poor families around the world.
7. Affordable and non-polluting energy
Working to achieve the goals of this goal is especially important as it directly affects the achievement of other sustainable development goals. It is vital to support new economic and labor initiatives that ensure universal access to modern energy services, improve energy efficiency and increase the use of renewable sources.
8. Decent work and economic growth
Approximately half of the world’s population still lives with the equivalent of about US $ 2 per day, with a global unemployment rate of 5.7%, and in many places having a job does not guarantee the ability to escape poverty.
9. Industry, innovation and infrastructure
Boost innovation and industry.
10. Reduction of inequalities.
The most vulnerable nations continue to make progress in the area of poverty reduction. However, there are still inequalities and large disparities in access to health and education services and other productive assets.
11. Sustainable cities and communities
Cities are hotbeds of ideas, commerce, culture, science, productivity, social development and much more. In the best case, cities have allowed people to progress socially and economically.
12. Responsible production and consumption
Currently, the consumption of materials from natural resources is increasing, particularly in East Asia. In addition, countries continue to address the challenges related to air, water and soil pollution.
13. Weather action
Climate change affects every country on every continent. It has a negative impact on their economy, the lives of individuals and communities. In the future, the consequences are expected to be worse. Climate patterns are changing. Sea levels are rising. Climate events are becoming more extreme and greenhouse gas emissions are now at the highest levels in history.
14. Submarine life
The world’s oceans (its temperature, chemistry, currents and life). They move systems that make the Earth habitable for humanity. Our rainfall, drinking water, weather, weather, coasts, much of our food and even the oxygen in the air we breathe come, ultimately from the sea and are regulated by it.
15. Life of terrestrial ecosystems
Currently, 13 million hectares of forest disappear every year. The persistent degradation of arid areas is also causing the desertification of 3600 million hectares. Although 15% of the land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk.
16. Peace, justice and strong institutions
Threats of intentional homicide, violence against children, human trafficking and sexual violence. These are important issues that must be addressed to create peaceful and inclusive societies. They pave the way for the provision of access to justice for all and for the construction of effective and responsible institutions at all levels.
17. Partnerships to achieve the objectives
A successful sustainable development program requires partnerships between governments, the private sector and civil society. These inclusive alliances built on principles and values. A shared vision, and shared goals, that place people and the planet at the center, are necessary at the global, regional, national and local levels.